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to Preserving Our Maritime Heritage

Founded by Clive Cussler

Dale Clifton’s Quest to ‘Shake Hands With History’

by | Jun 1, 2019 | 16 comments

Dale Clifton’s Flyer: The Discover Sea Shipwreck and Treasure Museum is located on the Ocean Highway, Fenwick Island, Delaware. Admission is free

He drops eight small pieces of silver into my hand, smiles and says, “Two bits, four bits, six bits, a dollar.” Then he shows me a one ounce eight reale (royal) coin, better known as a peso or piece of eight, minted in New Spain in the 1700s. “Sometimes they were cut into eight pieces, like a pie, in order to make change,” he says. “One eighth of the coin became one bit, one quarter was two bits, one-half became four bits and three quarters made six bits. Two more made a dollar.”

“That’s the origin of the saying you sometimes hear cheerleaders chanting at sporting events,” adds Dale Clifton, director of the Discover Sea Shipwreck Museum, Fenwick Island, Delaware. “These silver dollars were circulated in the English colonies and all over the world. They were good anywhere, anytime and played a major role in Spanish Main treasure lore.”

Clifton is owner and operator, as well as director, of one of the finest shipwreck, treasure and colonial artifact museums in the country. Opened in July, 1995, the museum embodies more than 30 years of Clifton’s diving, digging, bartering and buying sunken and buried treasure and Delmarva (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia) artifacts. If you want to see treasure (admission is free) he’s got it from every major sunken Spanish galleon including the Atocha, Santa Margarita, Conception, Maravilla, El Cazador, San Miguel de Archangel and vessels from the 1715 and 1733 silver plate fleets.

Slowly wending past 40 attractively lit and laid out display cases, visitors are dazzled by an array of gold and silver bars, gold chains and precious gems. The armaments that once safeguarded them are there as well. Cannons and flintlock pistols, with their ammo of balls and shot, reveal the vast protection given to ships and treasures that never reached their homeland and the royal coffers of Spanish kings. Some of the treasure, such as a conglomerate of a dozen eight reales, remain exactly as Clifton found them in the encrusted lump formed by leaking silver sulfide. If he wants to try to bring something back to its original luster, the director simply walks to his adjoining conservation lab where he spends countless hours. Here, in addition to galleon relics, he has restored artifacts from the luxury liners Titanic, Andrea Doria and Republic. Yet, none of these fascinating windfalls from renowned shipwrecks surpasses his love for the Delmarva discoveries.

Artifacts from the Faithful Steward (exhibit on right), a merchant vessel sunk off the Delaware coast in 1875

Clifton says, “Most people don’t realize what we have here right in our own backyard. In colonial times, the Delaware River and bay were some of the busiest maritime highways on the east coast. Galleons, pirate ships, privateers and merchant vessels met their fate in these waters. Each has a story to tell and that’s what attracts me to them even more than the lore of treasure.”

Dale Clifton preserves a cannon ball in his work lab

One of the affable museum director’s favorite accounts is that of the Faithful Steward, a merchant ship that ran aground during a storm in 1875 and was lost near Indian River Inlet, Delaware. Bound from Londonderry, Ireland to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with more than 200 immigrants aboard, it sank offshore and lost three-fourths of the poor souls who were seeking a new life in America. It also lost hundreds of barrels of British and Irish half-pennies, some of which are still found today on what beachcombers call “Coin Beach.”

Clifton has detected his share of coins there, but another find was more exciting. He explains,” I found a gold brooch from the same wreck, cleaned it up and uncovered the name ‘Sarah Lee,’ a victim in the disaster. I recognized the passenger from the ship’s manifest and after further research, I located her great, great, great granddaughter. She didn’t live far away, so I visited her and gave her the brooch. It was an exciting and sentimental moment for both of us.”

Coral encrusted pistol, cannonball, coins, a cross and other relics

Raised in Milton, Delaware, Clifton and his family live in Bethany Beach not far from work. His wife Lisa understands his love for history and treasure, but doesn’t join in the hunts. Son William, age 18, has his own teenage interests, but helps his father in electronic and digital imaging projects. Clifton was bitten by the treasure bug when his mother, a school librarian, brought home a copy of Treasure Island.  “I was 14 years old and it sparked my interest, so I got a metal detector,” he says. “But that wasn’t enough. I wanted to see beneath the sea and a friend helped me build a diving contraption that actually worked. The air came from a tire pump and functioned in shallow water. But at 30 feet, the glass in my mask shattered and cut my face. My mother grounded me and said, ‘If you want to do this, do it right!’ She gifted me scuba diving lessons for my 15th birthday.”

Artifacts from the Faithful Steward (exhibit on right), a merchant vessel sunk off the Delaware coast in 1875

Although diving is his first pleasure, Clifton loves to join archaeological teams excavating colonial and native American sites. When time allows, he slips over to Easton, Maryland, where a group is working on a lost colony circa 1640-1730. “Trading ships came to the colony and anchored in nearby fresh and brackish water which killed off teredo worms growing on the hull,” Clifton explains. “Trade helped the colony flourish, but the black plague wiped it out. We located the settlement after we found some tombstones. Some of them had children’s names and ages on them, one of the clues that signaled the plague.”

Clifton always finds coins on colonial sites. During a dig in Virginia, he found thousands of them in chests that slid into the marsh and harbor where a trading post once stood. They were of various denominations from England, France, Spain and other countries. Many nations at the time were phasing out their old coins and colonists were desperate for them. They smelted them down to make their own coins or to profit from the copper, bronze and silver they extracted. Adding to the story, Clifton reaches up and pulls down one of more than a dozen boxes of artifacts shelved in his lab. He grabs a bunch of coins and drops them in my hand. Some are dated 1790.

Artifacts on display from various sites

“Look up the Dutch East India Company when you get home,” he says. “These are copper pennies from a venture company founded in 1602 to trade with India and other Southeast Asian countries. It grew into a monopoly that controlled the economy in Europe and the East Indies in the 17th and 18th centuries. It’s growth and development as the world’s first national corporation is amazing. Check it out…it’s a great story.”

His stories reflect Clifton’s love of past events, or as he puts it, “shaking hands with history.” He points to the exhibits and says, “This has been my lifelong dream to restore and house all these discoveries. We have exhibits, but also hands on artifacts that everyone can enjoy. Kids especially love them. It’s like shaking hands with history. It’s my way of giving back and I hope I can encourage others to become as excited as I am, not just about treasure, but over the evolution of past events.”

Author: Ellsworth Boyd

Ellsworth Boyd, Professor Emeritus, College of Education, Towson University, Towson, Maryland, pursues an avocation of diving and writing. He has published articles and photo’s in every major dive magazine in the US., Canada, and half a dozen foreign countries. An authority on shipwrecks, Ellsworth has received thousands of letters and e-mails from divers throughout the world who responded to his Wreck Facts column in Sport Diver Magazine. When he’s not writing, or diving, Ellsworth appears as a featured speaker at maritime symposiums in Los Angeles, Houston, Chicago, Ft. Lauderdale, New York and Philadelphia. “Romance & Mystery: Sunken Treasures of the Lost Galleons,” is one of his most popular talks. A pioneer in the sport, Ellsworth was inducted into the International Legends of Diving in 2013.


  1. I enjoyed reading about the shipwreck and treasure museum in Fenwick Island, Delaware. I didn’t know about it and I will be sure to visit it the next time I go to the beach. Thank you for a very interesting article.

  2. Thank you for your kind words. I’m happy you liked it. Call ahead and plan your visit when Director Dale Clifton is there. He will give you a personal tour.

  3. Ellsworth,
    My name is Jack Cooley & I wrestled at Towson and was a manager of Holiday Health in Towson Plaza. I saw an article in an Ocean City magazine and pleased to read about your success. I still remember you taking pictures in Ocean City for different magazines.
    I ended being a principal at a high school in VA and am now retired. My son graduated from William & Mary 2010, and majored in English. He is currently a singer/songwriter and he has self published a poetry book. You can check him out at .
    It was good to read about you. Take care, Jack

  4. Hi Jack: It’s great hearing from you. I sort of kept up with what you were doing through Perry who had the boardwalk store in Ocean City for years. I knew you were a principal. Nice going! And I remember you wrestling for Towson and being the mgr. of the Holiday Inn Health Club. And we had some good times with Chip Reed! I still stay in touch with him. He & his wife are retired in Florida. Also, I remember Nancy Cox & all of us rooting for you in the bench-pressing contests. I believe you won one of them. I see your email on the page. I will try to contact you on it & we can exchange more good memories of Towson University. Cheers, Ells

  5. I read the article in “The Dispatch” (May 31, 2019) about your years on the Ocean City Beach Patrol, and had to pull out my 1969 yearbook. I didn’t graduate from Towson, so I’m not in the yearbook but was sent a copy. I believe you were my ed advisor and I certainly remember you. It was fun looking at the pictures in the yearbook from so long ago. I logged onto this site since it was referenced in the newspaper article and was pleased to see a comment from another member of the class of 69. It’s brought back many memories so thank you! I’ll have to check out the museum since I now live near there.

  6. Hi Judy: It’s great hearing from you. I remember you. You were one of my advisees. I thought you graduated. Are you in the yearbook? Isn’t it a coincidence that Jack Cooley from the class of 1969 also found me? I have your email address and I will write to you soon. I just finished writing to Jack. Yes, by all means visit Dale Clifton’s museum. It is fabulous. You will love it. Call ahead and see if you can go when Dale is there. His personal tours are fascinating. He has many great stories to tell about shipwrecks, treasure and colonial sites in Maryland and Virginia.

  7. We have went there probably 7 times and this past week we were lucky enough to have been able to talk to dale… he was full of interesting stories. It was most

  8. Wonderful! I’m so glad Dale was there. He surely has some fascinating stories about all the treasures and other artifacts in this fabulous museum. Thanks for telling me. And you can encourage your friends to visit Dale’s Discover Sea outstanding museum.

  9. my wife and I met Dale yesterday at DiscoverSea Shipwreck Museum in Fenwick Island,Delaware.9.21.2019.though we only spent one hour there,it was a crash course in history that we will not soon to forget.The work he has done to preserve the artifacts is way under stated.Awesome!!!!

  10. Thanks Joe. I’m so glad Dale was there. It is indeed one of the finest museums I’ve had the pleasure of visiting. Spread the word. Encourage families to take their kids there. As you say, Dale has some fascinating history lessons to tell.

  11. Hey dale it’s (pip) Ike.Dize .old roommate. Glad you still have the bug .me too still treasure hunting.

  12. Best museum we have been too and my daughter was queen for a day

  13. I agree! I’m so glad you made the visit. And what a thrill it was for your daughter to be Queen for a Day. Spread the word about this fascinating museum.

  14. Myself my husband, sister and brother in law visited the museum today 9/17/21. It was my suggestion for our adventure for the day, wasn’t sure if they would like it, but it was a hit! We had the opportunity to hear Dale speak about some of his adventures it was great, we were really impressed. I would suggest it to anyone, it’s a great history adventure.

  15. Oh great! Thanks for your input. You were fortunate that Dale was there. Sometimes he is off on another adventure. He does a fabulous job of telling stories and reviewing the history of local and worldwide artifacts, including treasure. Everyone who goes to Discover Sea Shipwreck Museum loves it.

  16. I was there on a bus trip in June 2022. Dale was there and gave amazing info on some of his dives and treasures. It was amazing to hold a gold bar worth $250,000!

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