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‘Boiler Wreck’ Offers Easy Access off Vero Beach

by | May 1, 2019 | 15 comments

Painting of SS Breconshire, by John Henry Mohrmann

When Bonnie Buckler and John Santulli settled into a waterfront table for lunch at the Ocean Grill Restaurant, Vero Beach, Florida, they spotted a strange object offshore. It was only about a quarter of a mile away and at first appeared to be some sort of a marine creature. But it wasn’t moving and barely broke the surface, its shadowy outline looming in the clear blue water.

“That’s our ‘Boiler Wreck,’ the waitress said, “a well known seamark in this neck of the woods.” As she handed menus to the two Lutherville, Maryland, tourists she smiled and said, “Here, read all about it.” The whole story was right there on the menu reprinted from a 1974 article in the local Press Journal: “The Story of the British Steamer SS Breconshire or the Answer to Your Question, ‘What’s That Out There?’”

Map shows location of SS Breconshire, Credit: New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida

Built in Sunderland, England, 1833, the SS Breconshire was a schooner-rigged, steam/sailing vessel sunk off Vero Beach in 1894. The wreckage, scattered over the coral reef in 15 to 20 feet of water, is identified by its protruding boiler and homespun nickname. Capt. Robert Taylor commanded the 300-foot iron-hulled cargo vessel and its crew of 23 seamen and a second officer. An experienced skipper, Taylor carried a Master’s certificate for commendable seamanship and was highly regarded by his employers at Jenkins and Company, UK. One simple mistake, however, cost him his ship. Fortunately, the accident occurred near shore and all hands lived to tell the story.

The SS Breconshire, named for a historic county in South Wales, usually sailed a regular route: England to Mediterranean ports and then to New York. But in April, 1894, the captain received orders to pick up a general cargo in Tampa, Florida. Unfamiliar with Florida waters, he ordered a packet of charts for the state’s coastal waters, but erred by not opening it until the ship was three days out to sea. Unfortunately, the packet failed to include charts of the Florida coast for a 20 mile stretch south of Cape Canaveral.

On the night of April 29, Second Officer Edwin Curling was at the helm when lookouts mistook a “dark streak” off the starboard side as a weather change. It was instead, the dark shoreline with a series of coral reefs stretching seaward. When the ship struck the reef, the hull’s seams split, water poured in and the massive vessel sank in front of what is now the Ocean Grill. The captain and crew lowered the long boats and made it safely to shore. They were sheltered at a nearby coast guard station for three days before returning to London for a trial. A court of Her Majesty’s Justice of the Peace determined the casualty was “primary negligence” and suspended Taylor and Curling for six months. The ship’s value was estimated at $75,000.

Julie Ross explores remains of the “Boiler Wreck”. Credit: Vero Beach Chamber of Commerce

There aren’t many shipwrecks that divers have access to as easily as the Boiler Wreck. Snorkelers love it. It’s a short swim out to the site and on a good day, when visibility averages 10 to 20 feet, an abundance of marine life can be found. Although there’s little definition remaining, the ships engine parts, beams and machinery afford homes for lots of critters. The reef, one of four that run parallel to shore at various depths, provides further abodes for aquatic life.

Mutton snappers, easily recognized by the black spot between the lateral line and dorsal fin, school over patches of algae. Algae growth—resembling small clumps of seaweed—supports the reef and wreck’s ecosystem with a primary food supply. A variety of tropical fish thrive on the wreck and reef. Blue-head wrasse and their bright yellow juvenile offspring hover over their home of crisscrossing iron girders. The adults, not more than three to four inches long, vigorously defend their homes during mating season. The wreck’s feisty sergeant majors will do the same. French angelfish and blue-striped grunts cruise around wire stays once used to stabilize the ship’s masts and spars.

One of many books that tell the story of the SS Breconshire. Credit: Aqua Explorers Publications, East Rockaway, New York.

Divers might spot a moray eel sticking its head out from beneath a ledge. V-shaped feelers are telltale evidence of a lobster hiding in the shadows. Star coral clings to a half-buried hatch cover and sea plumes flourish on scattered hull plates. Stiff, flat blades of shoal grass grow in sandy patches where sting rays seek cover. It’s not uncommon to see a nurse shark or hawksbill turtle roving on the perimeter before disappearing in the haze.

For those who don’t want to venture from shore, local dive services host scuba divers and snorkelers on scheduled trips to the wreck. Diving is best in the summer when west winds flatten out the seas. Strong east winds reduce visibility. The Ocean Grill, Holiday Inn and The Boiler Wreck all converge at the east end of Route 60. Divers enjoy visiting the McLardy Treasure Museum located on Orchard Island, 13180 North A1A, five miles north of Vero Beach. Exhibits include treasure and artifacts from the 1715 Spanish galleon fleet sunk off Sebastian, Ft. Pierce and Vero Beach.

Did John and Bonnie, who spotted the boiler while lunching at the Ocean Grill, dive the wreck? No, they didn’t, but they told this writer about it. Research revealed it’s one of the Sunshine State’s oldest natural disaster shipwrecks still at the disposal of snorklers and scuba divers.

Author: Ellsworth Boyd

Ellsworth Boyd, Professor Emeritus, College of Education, Towson University, Towson, Maryland, pursues an avocation of diving and writing. He has published articles and photo’s in every major dive magazine in the US., Canada, and half a dozen foreign countries. An authority on shipwrecks, Ellsworth has received thousands of letters and e-mails from divers throughout the world who responded to his Wreck Facts column in Sport Diver Magazine. When he’s not writing, or diving, Ellsworth appears as a featured speaker at maritime symposiums in Los Angeles, Houston, Chicago, Ft. Lauderdale, New York and Philadelphia. “Romance & Mystery: Sunken Treasures of the Lost Galleons,” is one of his most popular talks. A pioneer in the sport, Ellsworth was inducted into the International Legends of Diving in 2013.


  1. This is very interesting.Thanks for an informative story. I will be eager to snorkel on the “Boiler Wreck” the next time I visit Vero Beach.
    Have you snorkeled or scuba dove on it? Thanks again.

  2. Thank you. I’m glad you liked the story. No, I haven’t been on the Boiler Wreck, but I plan to dive it the next time I’m down that way. John and Bonnie, whom I mention in my article, told me about it. It was quite interesting to research.

  3. The boiler wreck is an excellent, easy, shallow dive. The boilers are less than a foot underwater at low tide. A thin wetsuit is all you need in summertime. Bring a float, as its a 300 yard swim from shore. My 12 year old and I swam out with a boogie board and fins. The aquatic life is plentiful.

  4. Many thanks for your input. I wasn’t sure how far a swim it was to reach the wreck. Three hundred yards is not bad. I’m glad you had a good experience and saw some interesting marine life. I will be eager to visit the wreck next time I’m in Vero Beach.

  5. Sounds fascinating, this place seems like a great place to stand at a window into time. I’m more of a free diver, and mostly for food, however I should love to learn to S.C.U.B.A and see for myself what the view is like.

  6. Thanks for writing. The Boiler Wreck is one of the few sites that offers both scuba and snorkeling. Yes, go ahead and get scuba certified. It will open new windows of adventure for you. You will explore shipwrecks from a different perspective. Stay safe. Good luck! Cheers!

  7. Plan on observing the remains and enjoying lunch. Thank you for the interesting article.

  8. Thank you for your kind words. Yes, that is exactly how I found out about the wreck. Two friends were having lunch and they asked the waitress about what appeared to be wreckage offshore. My friends got part of the story, told me about it, and then I researched the rest. On my next trip to Florida I will visit this wreck site.

  9. i lived in Vero 35 years ago… came back for a visit and decided to move back once again.. my first observation of the wreck in 35 years? The boiler use to protrude out of the water and was visible form shore. Why can it no longer be seen sticking out of the water?

  10. Lucky you,! Vero Beach is nice. I would say that storms did it. Storms do strange things to shipwrecks. The boiler could have sunk a bit lower in the sand due to a storm. I suggest you go to the Ocean Grill for dinner and ask around. Let me know what you find out.

  11. My father has taken me paddle boarding a few times out to the wreck. It’s beautiful to look at. Vero beach has a lot of character for being a sleepy retirement town.

  12. I’m glad you visited it. On a summer day, when a west wind is blowing, it becomes an ideal snorkeling experience. That’s when the water is clearest and marine life abounds. Thanks for your input.

  13. Just curious….we are going in late January…is that an okay time of year to see anything? We could snorkel or kayak….Also, is there someone out there at all times for safety? I noticed several photos of the site with a “diver down” flag someone in a kayak who seemed to be buoyed for safety reasons to support the people exploring the wreck.

  14. January is the luck of the draw. Sometimes good, sometimes not so good. A west wind helps clear the water. You’ll just have to wait and see.
    I suggest you call Deep Six Dive Shop in Vero Beach (416 21st. St., Vero Beach) at: 772-562-2883. Ask them about snorkeling trips to the Boiler Wreck. Another dive shop is the Treasure Coast Dive Center at 772-571-5987. Call them too & see which shop offers the best snorkeling opportunities. Let me know how you make out after you return home. Good luck and safe diving. Ellsworth Boyd

  15. Yes, that’s what my article is all about.


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